Immunisation and vaccinations - Better Lives Healthy Futures

Immunisation and vaccinations

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Immunisation is a way of protecting against serious infectious diseases.
Parents visiting a medical centre

About immunisations

Once we have been immunised, our bodies are better able to fight those diseases if we come into contact with them. All children in the UK currently receive vaccinations at: 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, 1 year, 3 years and 4 months.

Click the links here to find out about immunisations for your baby or pre-school aged child.

Each year, children in certain age groups will also be offered the flu vaccination as a nasal spray.

Some children will also get other immunisations where specific risks exist.

If your baby was born prematurely – please download the information leaflet from Public Health England which gives specific advice on immunisation for premature babies.

About the appointment

When your baby or child is due a vaccination you’ll either be sent an appointment or a reminder to make an appointment. Vaccinations are done by the practice nurse at your GP practice. If you miss an appointment it’s important that you contact the surgery to arrange another. If you’re worried your child may not be well enough for a vaccination, check with your practice nurse first. It’s important that immunisations aren’t delayed unnecessarily.

How to prepare for and look after your child when they have been vaccinated

Have a look at this advice vaccination tips for parents which will help prepare you and your child, and know what to do after they have had their injections.

There is a lot of information, often against vaccination online and in social media. It is important that all parents have the right information to avoid putting your child at risk of serious illness.

Getting the right information about vaccination

See important information about why vaccination is safe and important.

If you’re travelling aboard you will need separate advice so please speak to your GP surgery.

If you have moved in from abroad the practice nurse will look at what vaccinations your child has already had and what they need. This is based on national guidance as schedules can vary between countries.

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Further information

Changes to vaccinations from 1 January 2020

Thanks to the effectiveness of modern vaccinations, changes have been made to the number of vaccinations your child will receive. This leaflet explains about the changes.

Immunisations up to one year

Public Health England provides lots of information on immunisations up to one year of age on this link.

Immunisations for babies born prematurely

Leaflets from Public Health England for parents of premature babies with advice and guidance on immunisations.

Immunisations for pre-school children

Your child not only needs their first set of immunisations but they will also need immunisations from two years old to starting primary school. Public Health England has lots of information on these.


The NHS has published a guide to help you understand the vaccines offered in the UK and when to have them. It also explains how they work and why they’re safe and important.

Vaccination appointment tips

When it comes to the day of your baby’s vaccinations there can be a lot to think about, and you might be feeling a bit anxious. These tips for the day can help you to be prepared and feel calmer.

What to expect after vaccination

After your child has had their vaccinations, it can be common for them to cry a little bit, which should soon settle down. This guide offers helpful information on what to expect following vaccinations.

Why vaccination is safe and important

Vaccines are the most effective way to prevent infection diseases. This link explains how vaccines work, what they contain and the most common side effects.

Protecting your baby against TB

Information leaflet about the BCG vaccination being offered to protect your baby against tuberculosis (TB).

Better Start Bradford

Better Start Bradford works with families to give children the best possible start in life in Bowling and Bakerend, Bradford Moor and Little Horton through a range of innovative projects to support them through pregnancy and the earliest years of their children’s lives.